You possibly can easily rework a piece of furniture cheaply by stripping off the old paint and refinishing the wood as to its authentic state. By stripping old furniture down to the natural wood you may ensure a smooth surface – free of bumps and blemishes – which might be polished, varnished or even stenciled for a completely new look. Make certain first that you just know what end you are stripping because, paint, polish, lacquer or varnish all require completely different treatments.
Equipment: By hand, you need paint stripper, liquid or jelly form, methylated spirits, and turpentine. A pair of rubber gloves, old paint brush 25 – 50 mm wide, a scraper, course wire wool and sand paper fine to medium grade.
Paint Stripping: in case you are professional for troublesome work it can be removed by immersing the article in a caustic bath. A safer suggestion I’d recommend by hand, utilizing a chemical paint stripper; this gives nice results as it adds an extra luster to the naked wood.
Technique: Firstly make sure that your work area is well ventilated as paint stripper gives off unpleasant fumes. Remove all fittings handles, key guides and many others, then start brushing the stripper on to the painted areas, work the stripper into all cracks/crevices. When you’ve covered a workable area, leave the stripper to behave for several minutes. When it starts to bubble, remove the paint layer with your stripping knife or scraper, (put the paint shreds into an old paint tin as being caustic they are harmful) repeat the process until you attain the wood. When all of the paint has been stripped, subsequent step is to wash the wood down with the manufactures recommendation on what neutralizer to make use of this will remove any remaining debris at the same time neutralizes the stripper. If the urged neutralizer is say turpentine then soak a ball of wire wool and totally rub down the stripped surface. When dry sandpaper down to a smooth finish. Vital; always rub in the direction of the grain.
Stripping polish: earlier than you’ll be able to remove successfully, you need to know firstly the type of polish. If it is French polish this may be removed quite simply with methylated spirits, wipe it on generously, depart for a number of minutes. When the polish has softened, scrape it off with a scraper then with fine wire wool (soaked in Methylated spirits) when the wood is dry you may sandpaper down to a pleasant smooth finish. If it is a Wax polish (oily surface) this you’ll be able to remove with fine steel wool soaked with turpentine. Repeat until you might be at the bare wood, dry off with an absorbent cloth.
Varnished and Lacquered finishes: if the article being 50 years or more old it probably is an oil based varnish of which was made from resins dissolved in oils and solvents. The cleanest/easiest way is with a scraper; tilt the scraper away from you working along the grain (never across the grain). Polyurethane varnishes use a paint stripper. Cellulose-based varnishes may be removed by paint stripper, acetone, cellulose thinners, ammonia caustic soda, or turpentine. Suggest test a small space first to see which works best. Repairs, now you’re able to see the various faults. Your repairs are needed before the new finish will be applied, perhaps the draws require re-nailing or weak joints to be glued, cracks and holes have to be filled. Minor cracks and holes you utilize a plastic wood or non-shrinking stopper all available in numerous natural wood colors. Massive holes ought to be Plugged with an identical wood, reduce to shape making certain the grain of the pug runs the identical way as the remainder of the surface, and then glue it in. Fine sandpaper all your repairs down to a smooth end for the subsequent stage.
Finishing with polyurethane: this offers naked wood a lustrous, hard wearing finish of which is easy to clean and maintain. Polyurethane can withstand heat without marking though intense heat will damage the wood. There is quite a lot of natural wood colors available as well as clear all matt or gloss finish. It is very important let Polyurethane set; some brands can take as much as weeks to achieve most hardness. Apply the varnish directly to the sanded wood with a brush as the varnish should be utilized in coats. It’s a good idea with the first coat to dilute with spirit so that it soaks in and seals the wood. After each subsequent coat (when dry) lightly rub down with a fine sand paper. In case you are utilizing one of the colored varieties it would pay you to use the first coat with a clear, this will save any likelihood of a patchy finish. In order for you a matt end after utilizing colored varnish make the final coat with a clear matt.
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